Dosing Neurontin / Gabapentin
Neurontin which is also known as Gabapentin, is used in treating people with epilepsy to relieve them of shingles nerve pain and partial seizures.
It is a prescription medicine approved for treating epilepsy and postherpetic neuralgia.
In the treatment of epilepsy it is used together with seizure medications for treating partial seizures. Postherpetic neuralgia, a type of nerve pain which occurs after an outbreak of shingles, can be treated with Neurontin.
The full effects of this drug are not known, but it is believed that it works by affecting calcium channels in the brain.
Neurontin is also used off-label for treating migraine headaches, orthostatic tremor and bipolar disorder.
Sudden and brief changes in the working way of brain’s electrical system result in a particular condition of the brain known as epilepsy.
When the brain’s activity changes it can lead to a seizure, which is the condition of epilepsy. Neurontin is useful in treating this condition.
The postherpetic neuralgia causes pain as its main symptom. This pain leads to inability to perform routine functions. It is treated with Neurontin.
While treating certain conditions with Neurontin, the patient’s age and weight and the condition being treated only determine its dosage, among other factors. If this is prescribed to a child, weight is the main factor.
If it is prescribed to adults and children above twelve years, a starting dose of 300 mg is recommended to be taken once a day or three times a day.
The dose may be increased depending on the need. The dosage of Neurontin your doctor recommends will depend on a number of factors that include your age and weight, the medical condition being treated, other medications that you may be taking and other medical conditions you may have.
You should not adjust your dosage, as is always the case, unless your doctor specifically advises you to do so.
The starting dose of Neurontin recommended for combating partial seizures in adolescents over 12 years and adults is Neurontin 300 mg, three times a day.
Your doctor may prescribe a higher dosage if necessary, up to a maximum of 800 mg three times a day until your seizures come under control.
For children of ages 3 to 12 years, your doctor will determine the correct dosage based on the weight of the child.
Your doctor may increase the dose for your child if it becomes necessary to combat the seizure. It is obvious, the dosage may increase when your child grows.
It is an essential point that Neurontin is an approved medicine to treat seizures in combination with other medications of seizures only.
Moreover, if you have kidney problems, you may require only a lower dosage. The recommended starting dose of Neurontin for treating postherpetic neuralgia, the chronic nerve pain occurring subsequent to an episode of shingles, is 300 mg on the first day, 300 mg twice for the second day and 300 mg thrice on the third day. Your doctor may increase this dosage further to control your pain if needed.
People taking Neurontin have to consider certain important points as discussed here.
Neurontin is available is the form of tablet and capsule too. It is for oral administration only. The frequency is usually one to three times a day. People who have difficulty in swallowing tablet or capsule can avail the liquid form of Neurontin, known as Neurontin solution.
This drug can be taken with or without food. If it upsets your empty stomach, take it with food. You have to follow a particular time for taking Neurontin each day, so that an even level of this substance is maintained in your blood.
For proper working of this medication, it should be taken as prescribed for you. This will not work if you discontinue it in between. If you are not sure about anything pertaining to your dose of Neurontin, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. Do not discontinue the drug before discussing with your doctor.